Sunny beaches of Australia

Australia is the name of the continent located in the Southern Hemisphere. In addition, it is a state whose official name is the Union of Australia. It is washed by the waters of the oceans from all sides: in the north by the waters of the Pacific Ocean, in the south and west by the Indian Ocean. The territory of the mainland also includes the island of Tasmania, as well as numerous islands in the neighborhood.

Australia is the smallest of the continents of the earth, located at a great distance from other inhabited lands, and therefore has its own, completely unique flora and fauna. Due to the large removal of the Australian continent, as well as its long isolation by the infinite water spaces and without competition between species, the nature of the continent remained unchanged for centuries. Because of its enormous size, Australia has a wide range of climatic conditions, differing in different areas. In general, the state is dominated by a hot and dry climate with little rainfall in the summer months. The hot period lasts from November to January, when the temperature of the central regions can even reach 40 degrees or more, but after sunset, the sun can fall 10-15 degrees in just a couple of hours.

The population of Australia is 22.5 million people, and the majority are English-speaking Australians, the rest are Aboriginal people. The capital of the state is the city of Canberra. The country is dominated by Catholicism, and the state language is English.

Due to the natural and historical features, Australia has a huge number of unique, memorable places that are visited with great interest by tourists.

In general, the marine theme is represented very widely in the city. You can also visit the famous Sydney Aquarium or the Torong Zoo, where animals for the first time began to contain animals in open enclosures, and the Royal Botanical Garden, which represents plants from almost all over the world. Also, there are many historical and cultural sites like Sydney Museum of History and Anthropology, the famous Sydney Opera House, the National Maritime Museum, where you can get acquainted with the evolution of swimming facilities from simple boats to huge battleships and many other cultural objects that enjoy the constant interest of visitors.

State Languages of Australia

The Constitution of the Green Continent does not declare a single state language. In Australia, even Australian English, which is used by more than 15.5 million people, is not recognized as official. Despite the fact that there are still almost four hundred dialects and adverbs in the country, their carriers are only 56 thousand people.

Some statistics and facts

The smallest group of Australian Aborigines speak Tuval, Tinpai Muruvari. The number of carriers of each of these dialects is only three people.

The largest language of those belonging to the indigenous people is the language of the Western Desert. It speaks more than 7,000 Aborigines.

The second most common on the Green continent after Australian English is Italian. 317 thousand inhabitants prefer it. Following are the Greek, Cantonese and Arabic.

Some varieties of local dialects are not related to any of the known languages ​​of the planet. The geographical isolation of Australia affected it.

History and modernity

Australian English was born in the era of the first settlers, whose ships moored in New South Wales in 1788. The fact that the Australian version received features that distinguish it from classical English was recognized in 1820. Changes in the pronunciation began because of the confusion of the languages ​​of the immigrants themselves, representing the numerous dialects of the British Isles.

A lot of words in the current state language of Australia were borrowed from Aboriginal dialects. Basically, the names of animals, plants, some tools, weapons and household items. Indigenous people gave names and settlements, on the site of which big cities grew. In particular, the name of the capital Canberra is translated from the language of the aborigines as “meeting place.”

During World War II, Australian troops were stationed in Australia and many Americanisms penetrated into Australian English. They added even more originality to the language.

Tourist note

In Australia, you will undoubtedly understand people if you know at least the basics of English. But some of them speak too fast. Therefore, when talking to a waiter, a porter, or a taxi driver, simply ask them to speak more slowly.

Sea in Sydney

It’s hard to imagine that the vibrant capital of New South Wales with its impressive harbor, white sails of the Opera House and the elegant arch of the Harbor Bridge was once a colony for criminals. The oldest, largest and most beautiful of all Australian cities with the sea in the heart is the city of Sydney.

A bit of history

After the landing of the first expedition of James Cook at the end of 18 century on the shores of Botany Bay was founded a settlement consisting of pardoned British criminals. Constant riots and uprisings in the town, named after the British lord, continued until the first half of the 18th century. The situation changed with the discovery of a nearby gold deposit. The beginning of the industrial mining of the precious metal contributed to the influx of the working-age population into the city and the development of infrastructure. The rapid growth in the number of inhabitants (from 39 thousand to 200 thousand over less than 20 years) had a positive effect on the political structure and development of Sydney. Educational and administrative institutions, theaters and clubs, hospitals and schools were built. The sea, rivers and numerous bays and channels allowed the creation of a good network of water transport on the coast. You can learn more about the history of the first British colony in Australia, founded in 1788 by Captain Arthur Philippe, with the help of guides in the magnificent museums of the city and its ancient stone-paved streets.

Famous Sights of Sydney are:

  • Port Jackson Bay
  • Harbor Bridge
  • Opera theatre

Entertainment, tours and popular places

Tourists come to Sydney not only to admire the many architectural sights of the city or to go on a trip on a sightseeing tour. In the summer season, you can go surfing at sea, and exciting day trips take place to nearby nature reserves around the city.

Bondi Beach, where athletes ride the waves from the dawn, is sometimes called a national surfing reserve. It is located 30 minutes by train or bus from the Town Hall in the city center.

A tour along the famous coastal path from Bondi to the coast of Kuja, 6 kilometers long, is one of the most popular hiking trails.

Roads in Australia

Australia, despite its youth as a state, is among the largest developed countries, including the standard of living. And the roads in Australia are one of the indicators of the excellent state of the economy.

Continent car network

This continent has a particular paradox. On the one hand, in this country one of the highest indicators of the number of kilometers of roads per capita. On the other hand, a significant part of the continent is entirely devoid of transportation routes. However, this is easily explained. Almost half of the territory of Australia is uninhabited desert, where there are practically no people and settlements. Most of the country’s inhabitants live along the coast.

It is not surprising that most of the various routes and highways are located near the sea, and the largest concentration of roads falls in the south-east of the country, where the most significant metropolitan areas are located.

The main road is Highway No. 1. This major highway runs along the entire Australian coast, covering the whole country with an asphalt road. In addition, a whole network of convenient passages interconnects numerous cities by the sea, as well as in the inhabited territories.

But in the center of the country, especially in the desert areas, there are almost no roads. However, an ordinary tourist in those places should not go, because the desert without water and food is not the most hospitable place.

An exception in the central part of Australia is the city of Alice Springs, which, thanks to the neighborhood of the famous mountain Uluru, is a magnet for tourists. Several major trails also intersect in this area.

Another popular destination among travelers is the famous Great Ocean Road, which runs in the south-east of the country near Melbourne. Here you can enjoy the magnificent mountain scenery and superb sea coast.

Australian Roads Features

Due to the considerable distances, most of the roads in the country have a ground cover. However, this applies mainly to those tracks, the load on which is not particularly significant.

If we talk about the quality of the roads, it is simply excellent. Almost perfect surface, wide and comfortable lanes make traveling around the country extremely comfortable and enjoyable.

Prices in Australia

Prices in Australia are quite high. They are almost at the same level as in the UK and in the Scandinavian countries.

Shopping and Souvenirs

Virtually every major Australian city has Westfield. It is a huge hypermarket where you can buy anything.

Markets are also one of the best places for shopping. In Melbourne, you should visit the Queen Victoria market, in Hobart the Salamanca market, and in Sydney the Paddington market.

For authentic souvenirs, it’s best to go to community arts and crafts centers or galleries and establishments that belong to or are supported by Aboriginal communities.

As for Australian items like Akubra, UGG Australia, Driza-Bone, Collette Dinnigan, you should go to large shopping centers in Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne.

Tours

On a sightseeing tour of Sydney, you will walk through Hyde Park, the historic center of the Rocks, see the City Hall, Darling Harbor Exhibition Center, Queen Victoria House, the English Cathedral of St. Andrew, the Sydney Opera House, Harbor Bridge.

This 4-hour tour costs about $ 30.

Entertainment

In Brisbane, you should definitely visit the Botanical Garden. You pay about $ 10 per entrance. There you will see numerous plants, including exotic species brought here from different parts of the world. The best is a cactus exhibition, greenhouse with tropical plants, Japanese garden, bamboo grove.

Transport

The fare in Australia is not very cheap:1 trip by bus or subway in Sydney costs $ 3. For a train ticket that takes you from the airport to the center of Sydney, you will give $ 14.5, and for a bus ride on the same route $ 11.8.

If you decide to use the services of a taxi, then you will pay $ 3 + $ 1.8 for each landing. For example, from the airport to the center of Sydney, you will be charged $ 27.

Your minimum daily expenses in Australia will be $ 65-70 per person. But for a more comfortable rest, you will need $ 115-135 per day for one person (living in a middle-class hotel, meals in charming cafes, excursions).