Australia is the name of the continent located in the Southern Hemisphere. In addition, it is a state whose official name is the Union of Australia. It is washed by the waters of the oceans from all sides: in the north by the waters of the Pacific Ocean, in the south and west by the Indian Ocean. The territory of the mainland also includes the island of Tasmania, as well as numerous islands in the neighborhood.
Australia is the smallest of the continents of the earth, located at a great distance from other inhabited lands, and therefore has its own, completely unique flora and fauna. Due to the large removal of the Australian continent, as well as its long isolation by the infinite water spaces and without competition between species, the nature of the continent remained unchanged for centuries. Because of its enormous size, Australia has a wide range of climatic conditions, differing in different areas. In general, the state is dominated by a hot and dry climate with little rainfall in the summer months. The hot period lasts from November to January, when the temperature of the central regions can even reach 40 degrees or more, but after sunset, the sun can fall 10-15 degrees in just a couple of hours.
The population of Australia is 22.5 million people, and the majority are English-speaking Australians, the rest are Aboriginal people. The capital of the state is the city of Canberra. The country is dominated by Catholicism, and the state language is English.
Due to the natural and historical features, Australia has a huge number of unique, memorable places that are visited with great interest by tourists.
In general, the marine theme is represented very widely in the city. You can also visit the famous Sydney Aquarium or the Torong Zoo, where animals for the first time began to contain animals in open enclosures, and the Royal Botanical Garden, which represents plants from almost all over the world. Also, there are many historical and cultural sites like Sydney Museum of History and Anthropology, the famous Sydney Opera House, the National Maritime Museum, where you can get acquainted with the evolution of swimming facilities from simple boats to huge battleships and many other cultural objects that enjoy the constant interest of visitors.